Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Values
         Researchers for the World Values Survey categorize values in societies as follows:         


·        Survival values place emphasis on economic and physical security. Societies with mainly survival values are relatively ethnocentric; their citizens have low levels of trust and tolerance of others.                       

·        Traditional values emphasize the importance of religion, parent-child ties, deference to authority and traditional family values. People who embrace these values also reject divorce, abortion, euthanasia and suicide. Societies with mainly traditional values have high levels of national pride and a nationalistic outlook. In societies over time, traditional values tend to shift to secular-rational values..                          

·        Secular-rational values place less emphasis on religion, traditional family values and authority. Divorce, abortion, euthanasia and suicide are seen as relatively acceptable.                           

·        Self-expression values give high priority to environmental protection, greater tolerance of foreigners, and gender identification and equality. The values support wide citizen participation and decision-making in social, economic and political life. A subset of these are emancipative values, which combine emphasis on freedom of choice with equality of opportunity. Emancipative values support lifestyle liberty, gender equality, personal autonomy, and public opinion. 

         You have integrated certain beliefs, principles, customs, and standards of conduct into your worldview; these are values which guide your actions. Examples include sincerity, value of human life, ethical principles, confidentiality, social justice, and truth. Allow your personal values to freely evolve, devolve, grow, or change. If your assumptions and expectations are unverifiable or contradictory, think about changing them.
         Your values should reflect independent thinking, truth-seeking, and responsible, healthy behaviors. 

No comments: