Friday, November 13, 2015

Sexuality and Sexual Health
         Throughout life, sexuality is a central aspect of being human. It encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy, and reproduction. Sexuality is experienced and can be expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, practices, roles, and relationships. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, social, psychological, economic, political, cultural, legal, historical, religious, and spiritual factors.
         Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, to include prevention of sexually transmitted disease and unwanted pregnancy. Within many legal jurisdictions and religious doctrines, sexual intimacy must be confined to a marriage relationship.
         For sexual health and well-being to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected, and fulfilled. Sexual rights stem from the existing framework of international human rights to which advanced nations subscribe. Sexual rights protect the fulfillment and expression of individual sexuality, with due regard for the rights of others, within a framework of protection against discrimination.
         Sexuality is best expressed through pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, alone or with a loving, considerate intimate partner, free of coercion and violence.

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