Aung San Suu Kyi (1945– )
Aung San Suu Kyi studied in Burma, India, and at Oxford University in England. Her father had negotiated Burma's independence from Britain, achieved in 1948, but was assassinated later that year. Returning to Myanmar in 1988, she was alamed by the brutality of military dictator Ne Win. She established the National League for Democracy, a political party whose values are democracy and nonviolent change. Her political activism was resented by Ne Win, and she was placed under house arrest for almost 15 of the years from 1989 through 2010.
She cannot hold the position of President of Myanmar because constitutional law prohibits the holding of that office if married to a foreigner. However, her political party holds effective power.
Her book Freedom From Fear contains a collection of her essays. She writes, 'It is not power that corrupts, but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it, and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.'
Aung San Suu Kyi has received numerous international awards and honorary academic degrees for her efforts to achieve human rights and against abuse of power. For her steadfast nonviolent active opposition to military rule in Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.