Public policy is intended to protect the rights of minorities while serving the greater good. Fairness generally requires that any two individuals be treated equally. Each would have equal opportunity for expression of opposing views, equal access to resources, services, and benefits, and receive equal pay for equal work.
All human decisions involve personal beliefs and preconceived notions, influenced by prevalent social values, norms, laws, customs, ethics, virtues, morals, and attitudes. The process of discrimination is needed in choosing between alternatives, and is thus inherent in every act of selection. It may be reasoned that decisions considered fair and objective have elements of subjectivity.
A majority or consensus decision tends to be more fair than an arbitrary decision made by a person in authority. Ideally, all stakeholders affected by a decision or policy should participate in a decision process.